Design and Evaluation of Improvement of GPSR-Based RoutingTechniques for Intelligent Transport Systems using Vehicular AdHoc Networks


  • Thippa Reddy Gadekallu Zhongda Group, Haiyan County, Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province, China, 314312 \ College of Information Science and Engineering, Jiaxing University, Jiaxing 314001, China \ Division of Research and Development, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India
  • Issad Sabrina PhD student , Algeria



 As topology has become extremely fast, VANETs (vehicular ad-hoc networks) have become increasingly complex, creating new routing protocols for geographic routing. A GPSR-enhanced system (E-GPSR) is presented in this paper, which includes extended capabilities that select the best route and bypass previous vehicles delivering such packets. The E-GPSR protocol also prevents packets from being sent to neighbours similarly, thus eliminating packet routing loops. Road accidents and dead-end roads are unavoidable reasons for link breakage, which the E-GPSR protocol helps to resolve. Simulation of Urban Mobility (SUMO) and Network Simulator-version 3 (NS-3.33) platforms were used to compare E-GPSR with traditional GPSR and Maxduration-Minangle GPSR (MM-GPSR). GPSR and MM GPSR have better packet loss ratios (PLR) and packet delivery ratios (PDR) than the proposed E-GPSR protocol., 


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How to Cite

T. R. Gadekallu and I. Sabrina, “Design and Evaluation of Improvement of GPSR-Based RoutingTechniques for Intelligent Transport Systems using Vehicular AdHoc Networks”, WJCMS, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 1–12, Dec. 2023, doi: 10.31185/wjcms.214.