Design and Performance Analysis of Hybrid Electric Vehicles using Matlab/Simulink


  • Yitong Niu Belarusian-Russian University, Mira Avenue 43, Mogilev, 212000, Republic of Belarus
  • Vugar Abdullayev Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University, Azerbaijan



Electric Vehicle, Hybrid Electric Vehicle, Fuzzy System, Power System, Matlab/Simulink


In this paper introduces an integrated method for the design and performance analysis of hybrid electric vehicles. This method considers a set of parameters that influence the system's performance. This project presents an approach for modelling electric vehicles considering the vehicle dynamics, drive train, rotational wheel and load dynamics. The performance of the hybrid electric vehicle is not satisfactory owing to the difficulties of optimal gain selections. To overcome this problem, a new fuzzy logic controller is required to set the rules for better performance. Therefore, in this project fuzzy logic-based gain tuning method for PID controller is proposed and compared with some previous control techniques for the better performance of electric vehicles with an optimal balance of acceleration, speed, travelling range, improved controller quality and response. The model was developed in MATLAB/Simulink, simulations were conducted, and results were observed


K. Watanabe, S. Aida, A. Komatsuzaki, and I. Miki, "Driving force characteristics of 40kW switched reluctance motor for electric vehicle," in 2007 International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS), 2007: IEEE, pp. 1894-1898.

P. Shivkumar, "Sliding Mode Controller for Electric Vehicle Based on Indian Road Conditions," 2011.

J. Bhasker, A Vhdl primer. PTR Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 2015.

D. Pavlov, Lead-acid batteries: science and technology. Elsevier, 2011.

X. Yang, W. Deng, J. Yao, and X. Liang, "Asymptotic adaptive tracking control and application to mechatronic systems," Journal of the Franklin Institute, vol. 358, no. 12, pp. 6057-6073, 2021.

A. Rubaai, D. Ricketts, and M. D. Kankam, "Experimental verification of a hybrid fuzzy control strategy for a high-performance brushless DC drive system," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 503-512, 2001.

L. Harnefors, S. E. Saarakkala, and M. Hinkkanen, "Speed control of electrical drives using classical control methods," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 889-898, 2013.

N. Hussain and P. Rani, "Comparative studied based on attack resilient and efficient protocol with intrusion detection system based on deep neural network for vehicular system security," in Distributed Artificial Intelligence: CRC Press, 2020, pp. 217-236.

B. Singh and R. Kushwaha, "Power factor preregulation in interleaved Luo converter-fed electric vehicle battery charger," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 2870-2882, 2021.

C. C. Chan and K. Chau, Modern electric vehicle technology. Monographs in Electrical and E, 2001.

J. Larminie and J. Lowry, Electric vehicle technology explained. John Wiley & Sons, 2012.

Y. Jia and K. Rajashekara, "An induction generator-based AC/DC hybrid electric power generation system for more electric aircraft," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 2485-2494, 2017.

P. Rani and R. Sharma, "Intelligent transportation system for internet of vehicles based vehicular networks for smart cities," Computers and Electrical Engineering, vol. 105, p. 108543, 2023.

S. Savio, S. M. H. Gillani, U. Pratik, R. Chattopadhyay, I. Husain, and Z. Pantic, "An Integrated Capacitive Power Transfer System for Field Excitation of Wound Field Synchronous Machine," in 2023 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), 2023: IEEE, pp. 829-835.

D. Younes, M. Boudiaf, and N. Karim, "Energy management based hybrid fuel cell/battery for electric vehicle using type 2 fuzzy logic controller," International Journal of Advanced Studies in Computer Science & Engineering, vol. 12, no. 1, 2023.

N. Kumar, P. Rani, V. Kumar, S. V. Athawale, and D. Koundal, "THWSN: Enhanced energy-efficient clustering approach for three-tier heterogeneous wireless sensor networks," IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 22, no. 20, pp. 20053-20062, 2022.

F. Nishanth, J. Van Verdeghem, and E. L. Severson, "A Review of Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Machine Technology," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2023.

W. Cai, X. Wu, M. Zhou, Y. Liang, and Y. Wang, "Review and development of electric motor systems and electric powertrains for new energy vehicles," Automotive Innovation, vol. 4, pp. 3-22, 2021.

M. R. Khosravi, K. Rezaee, M. K. Moghimi, S. Wan, and V. G. Menon, "Crowd emotion prediction for human-vehicle interaction through modified transfer learning and fuzzy logic ranking," IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 2023.

N. Kumar, P. Rani, V. Kumar, P. K. Verma, and D. Koundal, "TEEECH: Three-Tier Extended Energy Efficient Clustering Hierarchy Protocol for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network," Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 216, p. 119448, 2023.

V. Kumar, B. Nakra, and A. Mittal, "A review on classical and fuzzy PID controllers," International Journal of Intelligent Control and Systems, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 170-181, 2011.

A. Rezaee and M. Pajohesh, "Suspension System Control with Fuzzy Logic," Journal of Communications Technology, Electronics and Computer Science, vol. 6, pp. 1-5, 2016.

Y. Notohara, D. Li, Y. Iwaji, M. Tamura, and K. Tsukii, "Study on vibration suppression control for rotary compressor," IEEJ Journal of Industry Applications, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 481-486, 2021.

X. Sun, N. Xu, M. Yao, F. Cai, and M. Wu, "Efficient feedback linearization control for an IPMSM of EVs based on improved firefly algorithm," ISA transactions, vol. 134, pp. 431-441, 2023.

K. Sedghisigarchi, A. Hasanovic, A. Feliachi, and A. Davari, "Evaluation of three algorithms for nonlinear control of a DC shunt motor," in Proceedings of the 33rd Southeastern Symposium on System Theory (Cat. No. 01EX460), 2001: IEEE, pp. 407-411.

L. Solero, O. Honorati, F. Caricchi, and F. Crescimbini, "Nonconventional three-wheel electric vehicle for urban mobility," IEEE transactions on vehicular technology, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 1085-1091, 2001.







How to Cite

Y. Niu and V. Abdullayev, “Design and Performance Analysis of Hybrid Electric Vehicles using Matlab/Simulink ”, WJCMS, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 60–71, Jun. 2023, doi: 10.31185/wjcms.149.